What is blood cancer?What is blood cancer?

Blood cancer start in your bone marrow where blood is produced.Your blood is made up of different cell types including red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets.They all originally come from stem cells, which have the potential to develop into any type of blood cell as they divide and mature.

There are three types of blood cancer.

  • Leukaemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Myeloma

1. LeukaemiaLeukaemia

a type of blood cancer found in your blood and bone marrow, is caused by the rapid production of abnormal white blood cells. The high number of abnormal white blood cells are not able to fight infection, and they impair the ability of the bone marrow to produce red blood cells and platelets.

2. Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer that affects the lymphatic system. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell that fight infection. Abnormal lymphocytes become lymphoma cells, which multiply and collect in your lymph nodes and other tissues. Over time, these cancerous cells impair your immune system.

3. Myeloma

Myeloma is a type of blood cancer that affects plasma cells. Plasma cells are white blood cells that produce disease- and infection-fighting antibodies in your body. Myeloma cells prevent the normal production of antibodies, leaving your body’s immune system weakened and susceptible to infection.

 

Report: About 245,000 people in the United States are affected with different types of blood cancer, some form of leukemia, including those that have achieved remission or cure. Rates from 1975 to 2011 have increased by 0.7% per year among children.Approximately 44,270 new cases of leukemia were diagnosed in the year 2008 in the US.

leukaemia is the eleventh most common cancer in the UK. and it is the ninth most common cause of cancer death (around 4,800 people died in 2012).

Symptoms of blood cancerSymptoms of blood cancer

Some of the common blood cancer symptoms are

  • Feeling weak or breathless
  • Easily bruise or bleed
  • Fever/night sweats
  • Pain in bones/joints
  • Itchy skin
  • Bone pain (ribs/back)
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Headaches
  • Fever
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Frequent infections
  • Bleeding gums
  • Frequent vomiting sensations
  • Anorexia
  • Lymph node (gland) enlargement

 

Treatment of blood cancer

The primary objective of blood cancer treatment is the complete eradication of cancer. Several therapies for blood cancer are:

  1. Stem cell transplantation: A stem cell transplant infuses healthy blood-forming stem cells into the body. Stem cells can be collected from the bone marrow, circulating (peripheral) blood and umbilical cord blood.
  2. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer drugs designed to interfere with and halt the growth of cancer cells in the body. Chemotherapy for blood cancer sometimes consists of giving several drugs together in a set regimen. It may also be given before a stem cell transplant.

3. Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy may be used to destroy cancer cells or to relieve      pain or discomfort. It may also be given before a stem cell transplant.

 

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